Heart/Cardiac Disease Specialist

Mitchell E. Cohen, M.D.

Internist & Diabetes Specialist located in Century City, Los Angeles, CA

Heart disease is the number one killer in the United States. Also referred to as coronary artery disease, it develops slowly over time and causes over one million heart attacks every year. To find out your risk for heart disease and receive a diagnosis and treatment plan, call or make an appointment online with Dr. Cohen in the Century City area of Los Angeles, California.

Heart/Cardiac Disease Q & A

What is heart disease?

There are several forms of heart disease. The most common is a narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels that supply blood to your heart. These blood vessels -- also known as coronary arteries -- harden and narrow when cholesterol, fat, and other substances build up on the inner walls.

Among these substances is plaque, which prevents your heart from getting enough blood. That material leads to the most common symptom of heart disease, angina. Patients often say this symptom causes chest pain or discomfort.

Heart disease also weakens your heart and causes both heart failure and arrhythmia. Heart failure occurs when your heart can’t pump blood the way it’s supposed to. Arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat.

 

How is heart disease diagnosed?

Dr. Cohen determines your risk for heart disease by performing a physical examination that includes measuring your blood pressure, cholesterol, and sugar levels. If you’re at high risk for heart disease or already have some of its symptoms, Dr. Cohen orders additional tests, including:

 

Electrocardiogram

This test measures the electrical activity, rate, and regularity of your heartbeat.

Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram uses ultrasound waves create pictures of your heart.

Exercise Stress Test

A stress test measures your heart rate while you walk on a treadmill to determine how well your heart works while pumping extra blood.

Carotid Duplex Scan

This is an ultrasound test that shows how your blood flows through your carotid arteries.

Cardiac Arrhythmia Detection

In this test, you wear a Holter monitor to track your heart’s electrical activity for 24 to 48 hours.

 

How is heart disease treated?

The three most common ways that Dr. Cohen treats heart disease include:

  • Lifestyle changes, including a healthier diet, increased physical activity, and quitting smoking
  • Medications that treat high cholesterol, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, and low blood flow
  • Surgical procedures, which help restore blood flow to your heart

 

How can you reduce your risk of heart disease?

While you can't change your age and family history, to prevent heart disease from developing it’s vital that you find ways to limit your:

  • Stress
  • Alcohol intake
  • Cholesterol level
  • Blood pressure
  • Body mass index score
  • Waist circumference
  • Hemoglobin A1c levels


For help managing your heart disease risks so they don’t lead to symptoms, call or make an appointment online with Dr. Cohen in the Century City area of Los Angeles, California.